Maryland State History Facts
Like the Native American tribes found in Maine, the tribes in Maryland also spoke the Algonquian language.
Before European explorers and settlers came to the area, the tribes that called the area home were the Nanticoke, the Delaware, and the Piscataway peoples.
The First Europeans Arrive
In 1534, da Verrazzano explored the area now known as Maryland. Later in 1608, John Smith mapped the coastline of Maryland.
English fur traders were the first Europeans to establish a settlement.
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A Calvinist Colony
By 1634, many English settlers arrived and established a colony. They called it St. Mary’s.
It was established by George Calvert and later Leonard Calvert as a Calvinist or Puritan colony, and was the capital of the area for decades.
The Native American tribes were infected and died of smallpox brought by the settlers arriving from England.
As more and more settlers came, the natives were forced to move out of the area.
The Mason-Dixon Line
Catholic and Puritan settlers had many different ideas and there were many fights between them.
To settle the argument of religion and to stop the fighting, a boundary was marked out by two surveyors, Mason and Dixon.
They established a boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland. It became known as the Mason-Dixon Line.
Thirteen British colonies in America went to war in 1775 against British troops to win their independence from Britain.
It was one of the slave states that were admitted to the Union.
The Civil War
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The southern states were slave states and opposed the northern Union states.
The southern states declared themselves a new country called the Confederate States of America.
Even though Maryland was a slave state, it aligned itself with the Unionists. However, the people of Maryland fought on both sides.
One of the worst battles was the Battle of Antietam in Maryland, where more than 22,000 soldiers were injured or killed.
How were the Native Americans in Maine and Maryland alike?
Who were George and Leonard Calvert?
What was the Mason-Dixon Line?
What was strange about Maryland joining the Unionists during the Civil War?
How was the population of Maryland divided during the Civil War?
The Native Americans in Maine and Maryland spoke the Algonquian language.
George and Leonard Calvert were English Puritans who led settlers into the Maryland area to set up a Calvinist colony at St. Mary’s.
The Mason-Dixon Line was a boundary established by surveyors to mark the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland to end the fighting between Catholic and Puritan settlers.
Maryland joined the Unionists even though it was a slave state.
Some of the people in Maryland fought with the Unionists and some fought with the Confederates.